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6 <title>LinuxSampler for Debian</title>
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11 <h2><center>LinuxSampler for Debian &nbsp; <img src="gfx/logos/debian.png"> &nbsp; HOWTO by Christian Schoenebeck&nbsp;</center></h2>
12 <br>
13 <center>February&nbsp;7th,&nbsp;2008</center><br>
14 <div style="background-color: #F4F4FF; margin: 1em 3em 1em 3em; padding: 1em 1em 1em 2.2em;">
15 <a href="#intro">1.&nbsp; Introduction</a><br>
16 <a href="#requirements">2.&nbsp; Requirements</a><br>
17 <a href="#build_backend">3.&nbsp; Building the Backend</a><br>
18 <a href="#benchmark">4.&nbsp; Benchmark</a><br>
19 <a href="#build_frontends">5.&nbsp; Building the Frontend(s) and Instrument Editor</a><br>
20 <a href="#houston">6.&nbsp; Troubleshooting</a><br>
21 <a href="#docs">7.&nbsp; Detailed Documentation</a><br>
22 <a href="#bugs">8.&nbsp; Bugs, Problems and Feature Requests</a><br>
23 <a href="#contact">9.&nbsp; Contact</a><br>
24 </div>
25 <p>
26 <center>
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39 </p>
41 <a name="intro"></a>
42 <h3>1.&nbsp; Introduction</h3>
43 There are two ways to install LS &amp; friends on your Debian system. You can
44 either <a href="http://linuxsampler.org/downloads.html">download</a> and
45 install our precompiled Debian binary packages (x86 only), or you can compile
46 those Debian packages by yourself. Our precompiled Debian packages are cooked
47 for the latest Debian <i>stable</i> distribution (a.k.a. <i>"etch"</i>).
48 Installing them is pretty easy. Just download the latest versions of the
49 Debian binary packages from our server and install them (as root) with:
50 <pre>
52 </pre>
53 However we recommend you to recompile at least libgig and LinuxSampler
54 (the backend) by yourself, to get the maximum performance out of your box
55 (because libgig and LinuxSampler are the software components which take the
56 most of your machine's resources under heavy setups which you're probably
57 going to do). Another reason at the moment for you to recompile them is when
58 you have an old machine that doesn't support
59 <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streaming_SIMD_Extensions">SSE</a>
60 instructions. Because the latest Debian binary packages were accidently
61 compiled with using
62 <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streaming_SIMD_Extensions">SSE</a>
63 floating point instructions (see
64 <a href="https://bugs.linuxsampler.org/cgi-bin/show_bug.cgi?id=71">bug report #71</a>).
65 In the latter case, linuxsampler would die with a
66 <i>"FATAL ERROR: Illegal instruction (SIGILL) occured!"</i> error message.
67 We're going to address this Debian binary issue with the next
68 LS (LinuxSampler) release. And of course, if you don't have a x86 based
69 system, you currently have to build the Debian packages by yourself as
70 well.<br>
71 <br>
72 So this HOWTO is focused on how to cook optimized Debian packages of
73 LS &amp; friends for your specific system. Of course you could also
74 compile everything the old fashioned way, that is:
75 <pre>
77 make -f Makefile.cvs
78 ./configure
79 make
80 su
81 make install
82 </pre>
83 But many users who use a Debian based system (e.g. Ubuntu) prefer
84 (building and) installing Debian packages, since it's cleaner for their
85 environment and, which is probably more important to you, the Debian
86 packaging mechanism takes care of compile time and runtime library
87 dependencies etc.
89 <a name="requirements"></a>
90 <h3>2.&nbsp; Requirements</h3>
91 <ul>
92 <li>g++ (the GNU C++ compiler, 4.x recommended)</li>
93 <li>debhelper (Debian package build tools)</li>
94 <li>pkg-config (manages compiler and linker flags for libraries)</li>
95 <li>automake (automatic Makefile builder, 1.5 or higher required)</li>
96 <li>autoconf (automatic configure script builder)</li>
97 <li>libtool (generic library build tool)</li>
98 <li>fakeroot (required to build Debian packages as ordinary user)</li>
99 <li>couple more ... :-)</li>
100 </ul>
101 Each of the software components you're going to compile will have additional
102 requirements, but we'll address this later. The ones mentioned above are
103 absolute prerequisites for continueing, so make sure you have them installed.
104 If not, do so now (as root):
105 <pre>
106 apt-get install g++ debhelper pkg-config automake1.8 libtool fakeroot
107 </pre>
108 If this is the first Debian packages you're going to build, you may wonder
109 about the <i>fakeroot</i> tool. This is needed to "fool" the Debian
110 packaging tools that we're compiling as root. Because usually you don't
111 actually want to compile things as root, but the Debian packaging scripts
112 expect it.
114 <a name="build_backend"></a>
115 <h3>3.&nbsp; Building the Backend</h3>
116 Grab the source code files of libgig (e.g. from our CVS server, as
117 described on the
118 <a href="http://linuxsampler.org/downloads.html">downloads site</a>). Then you
119 should optimize the compilation flags for your machine. This really depends
120 on what kind of CPU and other hardware you use. Open the file <i>debian/rules</i> of
121 the libgig sources in a text editor and watch out for the following line:
122 <pre>
123 ./configure --host=$(DEB_HOST_GNU_TYPE) --build=$(DEB_BUILD_GNU_TYPE) --prefix=/usr --mandir=\$${prefix}/share/man --infodir=\$${prefix}/share/info
124 </pre>
125 This is the line where you'll place all your optimization options. Remove the
126 arguments --host and --build which are only meant for cross compilation and
127 prefix the line with your preferred optimization flags. So, for a Pentium4
128 machine it could look like:
129 <pre>
130 CXXFLAGS="-O3 -msse -march=pentium4 -mfpmath=sse -ffast-math -fomit-frame-pointer -funroll-loops" ./configure --prefix=/usr --mandir=\$${prefix}/share/man --infodir=\$${prefix}/share/info
131 </pre>
132 save the file and finally you can start the build process (as ordinary user) with:
133 <pre>
134 dpkg-buildpackage -rfakeroot -b
135 </pre>
136 from the libgig source directory, which should compile and build the .deb
137 files for you. In case it immediately aborts with the following error
138 message:
139 <pre>
140 Unmet build dependencies: ...
141 </pre>
142 Simply install the requested packages with "apt-get install" (or whatever you
143 prefer for package installation) and call the dpkg-buildpackage command
144 again. After a minute or so it should have left 3 .deb files one directory
145 above your libgig source directory. Install those 3 .deb files now, i.e. with
146 dpkg (as root):
147 <pre>
148 dpkg -i libgig_3.2.1-1_i386.deb libgig-dev_3.2.1-1_i386.deb
149 dpkg -i gigtools_3.2.1-1_i386.deb
150 </pre>
151 and now repeat these steps for LS. That is grab the LS sources, edit the
152 debian/rules files at the similar configure line. The only difference with LS
153 is that you have much more options now. For example on a recent Pentium4 machine,
154 the LS compile time options in LS's <i>debian/rules</i> file could become:
155 <pre>
156 CXXFLAGS="-O3 -msse -march=pentium4 -mfpmath=sse -ffast-math -fomit-frame-pointer -funroll-loops" ./configure --prefix=/usr --mandir=\$${prefix}/share/man --infodir=\$${prefix}/share/info --enable-refill-streams=2 --enable-stream-size=320000 --enable-preload-samples=65536 --enable-max-voices=200 --enable-max-streams=220
157 </pre>
158 Just to let you know the difference: the options you apply to the "CXXFLAGS"
159 variable are options of the compiler (usually the GNU compiler,
160 see "man gcc" for all available gcc options). The parameters after
161 the "./configure" token are LS specific compile time options, i.e. the amount
162 of disk streams etc. For a full list of LS's compile time options and brief
163 explanations of them you can call:
164 <pre>
165 ./configure --help
166 </pre>
167 from LS's source directory. So after you modified the configure line in LS's
168 <i>debian/rules</i> file, you can once again call:
169 <pre>
170 dpkg-buildpackage -rfakeroot -b
171 </pre>
172 to get the LS packages cooked. This time it should take a bit longer. Once
173 again you'll get 3 Debian packages (<i>liblinuxsampler</i>, <i>liblinuxsampler-dev</i> and
174 <i>linuxsampler</i>). Install those 3 new LS packages again e.g. with "dpkg -i" like
175 already explained above with libgig.<br>
176 <br>
177 And that's it!</br>
178 <br>
179 The good thing: if you grabbed the sources of libgig and LS from CVS, you only
180 have to call:
181 <pre>
182 cvs update
183 dpkg-buildpackage -rfakeroot -b
184 </pre>
185 once in a while from the source directory to conveniently compile the latest
186 version with your personal optimizations and configuration parameters for
187 your system, because "cvs update" updates your local source files to the
188 latest bleeding edge version from our CVS server but won't touch your
189 modifications!
190 <br>
191 The problematic part is to find good compile time options for your specific
192 system. Unfortunately there is no real recipe for that, it always requires
193 to play around a bit with the various options. A little help on this however is
194 described next.
196 <a name="benchmark"></a>
197 <h3>4.&nbsp; Benchmark</h3>
198 You're most probably unsure which gcc (compiler) flags to use.
199 As said, this always means a bit playing around. For that you can use our stripped
200 down benchmark, which is located in the "benchmarks" directory of the LS
201 sources. The good thing about the benchmark: it's really light-weight, that
202 is it's a benchmark of our full gig sampling engine, but it doesn't depend on
203 any MIDI or audio drivers, nor does it require to load any sounds or to
204 handle with automake / ./configure crap and compiles really fast.<br>
205 <br>
206 Here's how it goes:
207 <ol>
208 <li>
209 adjust the file <i>benchmarks/Makefile</i> in the LS source directory with the
210 CFLAGS (pretty much the same as CXXFLAGS) of your choice
211 </li>
212 <li>
213 call "make" from the benchmarks/ directory
214 </li>
215 <li>
216 run the compiled binary "benchmarks/gigsynth"
217 </li>
218 </ol>
219 which will print you out benchmark values for your system on the console.
220 There are different kind of so called "synthesis modes", i.e. one with filter
221 on, one with filter off, one with resampling on, one with no resampling, etc.
222 each will shoot its own benchmark result.<br>
223 <br>
224 So that way you can easily and quickly play around with CFLAGS (a.k.a
225 CXXFLAGS) and figure out which one is beloved by your machine.
227 <a name="build_frontends"></a>
228 <h3>5.&nbsp; Building the Frontend(s) and Instrument Editor</h3>
229 <b>QSampler:</b> Building the QSampler Debian package is pretty much the same
230 process are described above for the backend. However usually you don't need
231 to take the hassle to optimize the compile time flags as thoroughly as you
232 would do for the backend. Since the frontend doesn't use much resources
233 anyway. Note however that you need to cook <b>and install</b> the liblscp Debian
234 packages <b>before</b> starting to build the QSampler package.<br>
235 <br>
236 <b>JSampler:</b> Many users prefer to use JSampler instead of QSampler,
237 since it currently provides more features and has a very slick skin based
238 user interface. Unfortunately JSampler hasn't been debianized yet, so there
239 is no way at the moment to build JSampler and jlscp Debian packages yet.
240 But this certainly going to change as soon as the GPL transition of the
241 Java SDK has been completed. So for now please use either the precompiled
242 JSampler .jar file (e.g. from our
243 <a href="http://linuxsampler.org/downloads.html">downloads site</a>) or
244 refer to the
245 <a href="http://linuxsampler.org/jsampler/manual/html/jsampler.html#BUILDING_FROM_SOURCE">
246 build instructions</a> of the JSampler documentation.<br>
247 <br>
248 <b>gigedit:</b> This is the graphical instrument editor for .gig files.
249 Once again, building Debian packages of gigedit is similar to the
250 other software components. Just note that you should build gigedit
251 <b>after</b> you compiled <b>and installed</b> libgig and linuxsampler.
252 Otherwise gigedit might just be compiled as a stand-alone editor, that is
253 you might not use it in conjunction with LS &amp; friends. If you have
254 any trouble getting gigedit to work with LS, please refer to the
255 <a href="http://download.linuxsampler.org/doc/gigedit/quickstart/gigedit_quickstart.html#live_editing">
256 "live mode"</a> chapter of the gigedit documentation and its respective
257 <a href="http://download.linuxsampler.org/doc/gigedit/quickstart/gigedit_quickstart.html#live_trouble">
258 trouble shooting</a> section.
260 <a name="houston"></a>
261 <h3>6.&nbsp; Troubleshooting</h3>
262 <ul>
263 <li>
264 <div style="background-color: #FFF2F2;">
265 <u>Problem:</u> required libgig version not found
266 </div>
267 <div style="background-color: #F2FFF2;">
268 <u>Reason / Solution:</u>
269 make sure you don't have another, old version of libgig installed at another place ( e.g. under /usr/local )
270 </div>
271 </li>
272 </ul>
274 <a name="docs"></a>
275 <h3>7.&nbsp; Detailed Documentation</h3>
276 You find more detailed documentation about our software, i.e. about JSampler
277 or gigedit on our official <a href="http://linuxsampler.org/documentation.html">
278 LinuxSampler documentation site</a>.
280 <a name="bugs"></a>
281 <h3>8.&nbsp; Bugs, Problems and Feature Requests</h3>
282 Our Forum is a good place to ask for help:<br>
283 <br>
284 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="http://bb.linuxsampler.org">http://bb.linuxsampler.org</a><br>
285 <br>
286 We have a dedicated forum section for
287 newbies and support.<br>
288 <br>
289 No software is perfect, nor is ours, if you found bugs, please
290 report them using our bug tracking system:<br>
291 <br>
292 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="http://bugs.linuxsampler.org/">http://bugs.linuxsampler.org/</a>
294 <a name="contact"></a>
295 <h3>9.&nbsp; Contact</h3>
296 If you have questions or want to help us to improve the sampler, please
297 subscribe to the <a href="http://www.linuxsampler.org/developers.html">
298 LinuxSampler Developer's mailing list</a>. If you want to contact a
299 certain developer instead, your can find our email addresses here:<br>
300 <br>
301 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="http://www.linuxsampler.org/developers.html">http://www.linuxsampler.org/developers.html</a>
302 <br><br>
303 That's it, enjoy!<br>
304 <br>
306 </body>
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